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Journalists killed: reports

"Journalists covering combat shoulder great responsibilities and face difficult choices. Sometimes they pay the ultimate price." - Marie Colvin, killed in Syria on 22 February 2012.

Around the world, journalists and media workers pay the ultimate price for doing their jobs. On 31 December every year, the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) produces a report on the journalists and media workers killed that year.

Many have died covering conflict situations, but many more have been murdered while investigating criminal activities or political corruption.

On 23 January, 2006, following campaigning and lobbying by the NUJ, IFJ, Amnesty International and others, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1738 (2006). The resolution condemned attacks against journalists in conflict situations and urged "states and all other parties to an armed conflict to do their utmost to prevent violations of international humanitarian law against civilians, including journalists, media professionals and associated personnel".

However, although the number of journalists killed in one year peaked in 2006 and the number has declined since, there has been a notable lack of international attempts to act on the security council resolution. The NUJ continues to campaign on this issue at home and, as part of the IFJ, internationally and regularly lobbies the UN to intervene in situations where journalists are losing their lives.

The NUJ also marks Workers' Memorial Day (28 April) by commemorating journalists who have been killed in the course of their work. 

The IFJ has an interactive archive of media killings on their safety website.

NUJ news and IFJ reports:

Sometimes the stories are closer to home. Three NUJ members have been killed since 1996.

Veronica Guerin was a freelance Irish crime reporter who wrote for the Sunday Independent. She was murdered on 26 June, 1996, by people involved in the drug trade in Ireland.

Martin O'Hagan was a Sunday World journalist and Secretary of Belfast and District NUJ branch. He was killed on the night of 28 September 2001, having attended an NUJ meeting earlier in the day. The NUJ has campaigned since for his killers to be brought to justice.

Terry Lloyd was a foreign correspondent with ITN and was killed at the start of the war in Iraq on 22 March 2003. He was caught in crossfire between American and Iraqi forces. The NUJ campaigned for years for his killers to be brought to justice.

Read more NUJ news about journalists killed