IFJ presses UN for action after 106 media killings
31 December 2011
The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) urged the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to take drastic action against governments of the most dangerous countries for media. The IFJ has published its annual list of 106 journalists and media personnel killed in 2011.
The Federation says 2011 has been another bloody year for media and blames governments' failure to uphold their international obligations for the ongoing violence targeting media.
In a letter to the UN Secretary General, the IFJ calls for effective implementation of international legal instruments to combat the prevailing culture of impunity for crimes against journalists.
The letter, signed by Jim Boumelha, IFJ President, says:
"It is abundantly clear that deadly violence against journalists is not just a blip due to conflicts around the world but has become a regular cycle in many countries where journalists are hunted down, targeted and murdered by the enemies of press freedom.
"In a situation where governments are in denial or indifferent to what has become a regular pattern of targeted killings of journalists, it is incumbent upon yourself and the United Nations to remind them of their responsibility to protect journalists."
This year's list confirms that journalists are among the primary victims of violence in armed conflict, ethnic and religious tensions as well as political upheavals which erupted in many countries during the past twelve months.
Media professionals are exposed to serious risks, often with tragic consequences, as they report from the frontline of conflicts such as in Pakistan and the Arab world or crime prevention in the lawless parts of Mexico where they are considered unwelcome witnesses.
The IFJ list of work related media killings is coordinated with the International News Safety Institute (INSI) and contains 106 journalists and media personnel who died during 2011, up from 94 killings recorded in 2010. An additional 20 journalists and collaborators also died in accidents and natural disasters incidents.
The IFJ says that violence targets not just journalists but also colleagues from all sectors of the industry, including cameramen, drivers and fixers and other support staff which are all recorded to underscore their crucial role in news gathering and reporting.
The systematic failure of governments to protect journalists and punish those who are responsible for violence against them has entrenched the culture of impunity in most parts of the world and contributed to ever rising numbers of journalists' killings. This prompted the IFJ and the press freedom community to hold for the first time the International Day against Impunity for Crimes against journalists on 23 November 2011.
Stephen Pearse, IFJ Deputy General Secretary, added:
"This year's numbers just prove that violence targeting media workers continues unabated. We need to send out a strong message that action is needed to stop the violence and the bloodshed."
As of 31 December, the IFJ recorded the following information on killings of journalists and media staff in 2011:
- Targeted killings and homicides incidents: 106
- Accidental deaths: 20
- Total Deaths: 126
The deadliest region in 2011 was the Middle East and Arab world with 32 journalists and media personnel killed. Iraq had the region's highest death toll with 11 dead.
Among countries with high numbers of media fatalities are:
- Iraq: 11
- Pakistan: 11
- Mexico: 11
- The Philippines: 6
- Libya: 6
- Yemen: 6
- Honduras: 5
- India: 5
The list of journalists and media personnel killed in 2011 is available from the IFJ website.